What is the Process of Registration of a Public Limited Company


Fulfilling all the Legal Requirements for Incorporation

  • First off, it is necessary that the legal requirements of minimum-paid up share capital, number of directors, number of shareholders, have been identified and fulfilled. Only if this step is complete, further steps of registration can be implemented.


Obtaining DIN and DSC for all the Proposed Directors

  • Once it has been established who all would be the directors of the company, their DIN from the Ministry of Corporate Affairs and DSC from the Certified Authority has to be obtained.
  • The directors can only be individuals and not entities like LLPs or Financial Institutions. Also, the number of directors cannot exceed 50. It is not necessary for the Director to be the Shareholder of the Company


Registered Office

  • It is necessary to have a proper address to be recognized as the Registered Office of the Company. The Registered Office address has to be registered with Registrar of Companies (ROC) under whose jurisdiction the office location falls. All the correspondence related to business are made to the Registered Office by the ROC. The fee for registration shall be dependent on the authorized capital of the company.


Application for Company Name

  • Prior to the registration procedure, the name of the Company has to be approved by the ROC. It is mandatory that the name of the Public Limited Company ends with the word “Limited”. This application is filed in the RUN form of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs. It is better to provide a list of names in order of preference, in case a particular name is not available.


Execution of Company Registration Documents

  • Once the name of the Company has been approved, the crucial documents of the Company – MoA and AoA have to be executed. These documents have now gone electronic and can be prepared and submitted there itself. (eMoA: INC33 & eAoA: INC32)


Submission of Documents to ROC

  • Once all the documents have been prepared, they are submitted to the ROC for verification.


Registration and COI

  • Upon proper verification of all the submitted documents, the ROC registers the company and issues a Certificate of Incorporation along with the CIN (Corporate Identification Number) of the Company.

Certificate of Commencement of Business

  • A Public Limited Company cannot start its business immediately upon receiving the COI. It has to apply for Certificate of Commencement of Business within 180 days of receiving the COI, stating that all the subscribers have paid the subscription money.